The long-term goal of Dr. Kang’s research is to reduce transmission of various arboviruses transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, such as Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus. Aedes mosquitoes are the primary vectors responsible for transmitting many human-infecting viruses, such as Zika, dengue and chikungunya. Because of a lack of effective vaccines or therapeutic drugs, mosquito control strategies like bed-netting and insecticide-usage remain the primary approaches to reduce viral transmission worldwide. Some of the relatively newer strategies involve reducing viral transmission in mosquitoes using transmission-blocking vaccines or small molecules (low molecular-weight active and/or regulatory molecules)—the use and development of which should be preceded by elucidating how mosquitoes respond to the viral infection. Dr. Kang pursues research to understand the mosquito’s immune system and the basic biology of mosquitoes in the field against arboviruses. Currently, he is characterizing dengue virus restriction factors and Zika virus host/restriction factors in local Aedes mosquitoes.