Ramiro Isaza

Ramiro Isaza,

Professor, Zoological Med

Department: Large Animal Clinical Sciences
Business Phone: (352) 294-4443
Business Email: isazar@ufl.edu

Research Profile

Elephant diseases, management, and physiology; zoonotic diseases of non-domestic species; epidemiology in captive animal populations; pharmacokinetics in non-domestic species; public health and regulatory issues pertaining to non-domestic species.

Publications

2021
Impact of surgical preparatory rinses with isopropyl alcohol or water on perioperative body temperature in pediatric female dogs and cats.
Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia. 48(2):198-204 [DOI] 10.1016/j.vaa.2020.11.006. [PMID] 33589395.
2021
The importance of manual white blood cell differential counts and platelet estimates in elephant hematology: blood film review is essential.
The veterinary quarterly. 41(1):30-35 [DOI] 10.1080/01652176.2020.1867329. [PMID] 33349154.
2020
ESOPHAGEAL MEASUREMENT OF CORE BODY TEMPERATURE IN THE FLORIDA MANATEE (TRICHECHUS MANATUS LATIROSTRIS).
Journal of wildlife diseases. 56(1):27-33 [PMID] 31295080.
View on: PubMed
2020
Oral, Cloacal, and Hemipenal Actinomycosis in Captive Ball Pythons (Python regius).
Frontiers in veterinary science. 7 [DOI] 10.3389/fvets.2020.594600. [PMID] 33490131.
2019
Oncotic pressure and the effects of water deprivation in healthy captive Asian elephants.
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc. 31(4):572-575 [DOI] 10.1177/1040638719855682. [PMID] 31184294.
2019
Prevalence and risk factors for the presence of serum antibodies against canine distemper, canine parvovirus, and canine adenovirus in communities in mainland Ecuador.
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 218 [DOI] 10.1016/j.vetimm.2019.109933. [PMID] 31479955.
2019
SURVEY OF ANTITUBERCULOSIS DRUG ADMINISTRATION AND ADVERSE EFFECTS IN ELEPHANTS IN NORTH AMERICA.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 50(1):23-32 [DOI] 10.1638/2018-0028. [PMID] 31120659.
2018
Establishing a Diagnostic Technique for Coelomocentesis in the Long-Spined Sea Urchin Diadema antillarum.
Journal of aquatic animal health. 30(4):325-331 [DOI] 10.1002/aah.10043. [PMID] 30336511.
2017
A Frameshift Mutation in KIT is Associated with  White Spotting in the Arabian Camel.
Genes. 8(3) [DOI] 10.3390/genes8030102. [PMID] 28282952.
2017
First report of changes in leukocyte morphology in response to inflammatory conditions in Asian and African elephants (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta africana).
PloS one. 12(9) [DOI] 10.1371/journal.pone.0185277. [PMID] 28934325.
2017
Polypharmacy in Zoological Medicine.
Pharmaceutics. 9(1) [DOI] 10.3390/pharmaceutics9010010. [PMID] 28241435.
2017
Rapid screening for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical elephant trunk wash samples.
Research in veterinary science. 112:52-58 [DOI] 10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.12.008. [PMID] 28126601.
2017
REPRODUCTIVE PARAMETERS AND BIRTH STATISTICS FOR A HERD OF ASIAN ELEPHANTS ( ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) IN NORTH AMERICA OVER A 20-YEAR PERIOD.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 48(4):987-996 [DOI] 10.1638/2017-0035.1. [PMID] 29297839.
2017
VITAL SIGNS AND FIRST OCCURRENCES IN NORMAL AND ABNORMAL NEWBORN ASIAN ELEPHANT ( ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) CALVES.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 48(4):997-1015 [DOI] 10.1638/2017-0036.1. [PMID] 29297818.
2016
ISONIAZID AND RIFAMPIN PHARMACOKINETICS IN TWO ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 47(3):868-871 [PMID] 27691967.
View on: PubMed
2014
Prenatal passive transfer of Mycobacterium tuberculosis antibodies in Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) calves.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 45(4):955-7 [PMID] 25632691.
View on: PubMed
2014
Reference intervals for acute phase protein and serum protein electrophoresis values in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc. 26(5):616-21 [DOI] 10.1177/1040638714543923. [PMID] 25057161.
2014
The pharmacokinetics of a single oral or rectal dose of concurrently administered isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 37(5):472-9 [DOI] 10.1111/jvp.12119. [PMID] 24684601.
2013
Point prevalence and incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in captive elephants in the United States of America.
The veterinary quarterly. 33(1):25-9 [DOI] 10.1080/01652176.2013.772690. [PMID] 23477422.
2013
Single-incision, multicannulated, laparoscopic ovariectomy in two tigers (Panthera tigris).
The veterinary quarterly. 33(2):108-11 [DOI] 10.1080/01652176.2013.783951. [PMID] 23581536.
2012
Delayed growth in a young fruit bat (Pteropus pumilis) due to nutritional hypovitaminosis C.
The Veterinary record. 170(1) [DOI] 10.1136/vr.100214. [PMID] 22027185.
2012
Estimates of the pharmacokinetics of famciclovir and its active metabolite penciclovir in young Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
American journal of veterinary research. 73(12):1996-2000 [DOI] 10.2460/ajvr.73.12.1996. [PMID] 23176429.
2012
Management of zebras and zebra hybrids (zebroids).
Compendium (Yardley, PA). 34(9) [PMID] 23705207.
View on: PubMed
2012
Periocular anterior adnexal anatomy and clinical adnexal examination of the adult Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 43(4):793-801 [PMID] 23272346.
View on: PubMed
2012
Serum osmolality and effects of water deprivation in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc. 24(4):688-95 [DOI] 10.1177/1040638712445770. [PMID] 22643341.
2012
Stabilization of juxta-physeal distal tibial and fibular fractures in a juvenile tiger using a hybrid circular-linear external fixator.
Veterinary surgery : VS. 41(2):248-53 [DOI] 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2011.00897.x. [PMID] 22092453.
2012
Strangulating intestinal obstructions in four captive elephants (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta africana).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 43(1):125-30 [PMID] 22448519.
View on: PubMed
2011
Anterior uveitis as an atypical presentation of large granular lymphoma in a caracal (Caracal caracal).
Veterinary ophthalmology. 14(5):337-40 [DOI] 10.1111/j.1463-5224.2011.00905.x. [PMID] 21929612.
2011
Baseline levels of trace metals in blood of captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 42(2):360-2 [PMID] 22946424.
View on: PubMed
2010
Immune responses of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) to commercial tetanus toxoid vaccine.
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 133(2-4):287-9 [DOI] 10.1016/j.vetimm.2009.08.005. [PMID] 19720403.
2010
Pharmacokinetics and intramuscular bioavailability of a single dose of butorphanol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 41(3):418-25 [PMID] 20945638.
View on: PubMed
2010
Treatment of tarsal joint deformities with hinged transarticular external fixators in three young birds.
Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology : V.C.O.T. 23(5):362-5 [DOI] 10.3415/VCOT-09-09-0098. [PMID] 20740260.
2009
Fungal keratitis in a gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 40(3):579-82 [PMID] 19746878.
View on: PubMed
2009
Saccular lung cannulation in a ball python (Python regius) to treat a tracheal obstruction.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 40(1):214-6 [PMID] 19368267.
View on: PubMed
2008
Concepts and issues with interspecies scaling in zoological pharmacology.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 39(4):517-26 [PMID] 19110691.
View on: PubMed
2008
Distal limb radiography, ossification, and growth plate closure in the juvenile Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 39(3):320-34 [PMID] 18816993.
View on: PubMed
2008
Nonsurgical repair of an umbilical hernia in two Asian elephant calves (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 39(2):248-51 [PMID] 18634217.
View on: PubMed
2008
Pericardial mesothelioma in a Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 39(1):121-3 [PMID] 18432108.
View on: PubMed
2008
Radiologic and Flight Function Evaluation After Fixation of Distal Humeral Osteotomies in Pigeons, With Model of Articulated External Fixator
Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira. 28:351-357
2008
Six novel gammaherpesviruses of Afrotheria provide insight into the early divergence of the Gammaherpesvirinae.
Veterinary microbiology. 127(3-4):249-57 [PMID] 17884307.
View on: PubMed
2007
Acute appendicitis in a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
Journal of medical primatology. 36(3):119-23 [PMID] 17517085.
View on: PubMed
2007
Identification and comparison of marbofloxacin metabolites from the plasma of ball pythons (Python regius) and blue and gold macaws (Ara ararauna).
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 30(3):257-62 [PMID] 17472658.
View on: PubMed
2006
Dose selection and pharmacokinetics of rifampin in elephants for the treatment of tuberculosis.
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 29(6):581-5 [PMID] 17083464.
View on: PubMed
2006
Future directions in reptile medical education.
Journal of veterinary medical education. 33(3):373-81 [PMID] 17035209.
View on: PubMed
2006
Medical management of a corneal stromal abscess in a female Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 37(3):397-400 [PMID] 17319142.
View on: PubMed
2006
Mycobacterium asiaticum infection in a red-handed tamarin (Saguinus midas).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 37(3):413-5 [PMID] 17319146.
View on: PubMed
2006
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of carfentanil and naltrexone in female common eland (Taurotragus oryx).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 37(3):318-26 [PMID] 17319131.
View on: PubMed
2006
Pharmacokinetics of marbofloxacin in blue and gold macaws (Ara ararauna).
American journal of veterinary research. 67(6):947-50 [PMID] 16740085.
View on: PubMed
2006
Preliminary single-dose pharmacokinetics of marbofloxacin in ball pythons (Python regius).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 37(1):6-10 [PMID] 17312805.
View on: PubMed
2006
Results of vaccination of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) with monovalent inactivated rabies vaccine.
American journal of veterinary research. 67(11):1934-6 [PMID] 17078758.
View on: PubMed
2005
Pharmacokinetics and i.m. bioavailability of ceftiofur in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 28(5):441-6 [PMID] 16207306.
View on: PubMed
2005
Pharmacokinetics of a single dose of enrofloxacin administered orally to captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
American journal of veterinary research. 66(11):1948-53 [PMID] 16334955.
View on: PubMed
2005
Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in the blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna) after intravenous and oral administration.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 36(4):606-9 [PMID] 17312716.
View on: PubMed
2005
Population pharmacokinetics of pyrazinamide in elephants.
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 28(5):403-9 [PMID] 16207301.
View on: PubMed
2004
Assessment of multiple cardiocentesis in ball pythons (Python regius).
Contemporary topics in laboratory animal science. 43(6):35-8 [PMID] 15636554.
View on: PubMed
2004
Clinical effects and plasma concentrations of fentanyl after transmucosal administration in three species of great ape.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 35(2):162-6 [PMID] 15305510.
View on: PubMed
2004
Clinical signs and results of specific diagnostic testing among captive birds housed at zoological institutions and infected with West Nile virus.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 224(10):1640-3, 1606 [PMID] 15154735.
View on: PubMed
2004
Drug delivery to captive Asian elephants – treating Goliath.
Current drug delivery. 1(3):291-8 [PMID] 16305391.
View on: PubMed
2004
Pharmacokinetics of carfentanil and naltrexone in domestic goats (Capra hircus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 35(4):489-96 [PMID] 15732589.
View on: PubMed
2004
Simultaneous extraction and quantitation of fentanyl and norfentanyl from primate plasma with LC/MS detection.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 34(3):577-84 [PMID] 15127814.
View on: PubMed
2004
The pharmacokinetics of topical doramectin in llamas (Lama glama) and alpacas (Lama pacos).
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 27(3):187-9 [PMID] 15189305.
View on: PubMed
2004
Vaccination of Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) with monovalent inactivated rabies vaccine.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 35(1):55-9 [PMID] 15193074.
View on: PubMed
2003
Arterial blood gas control in the upright versus recumbent Asian elephant.
Respiratory physiology & neurobiology. 134(2):169-76 [PMID] 12609483.
View on: PubMed
2003
Azithromycin metabolite identification in plasma, bile, and tissues of the ball python (Python regius).
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 26(2):117-21 [PMID] 12667181.
View on: PubMed
2003
Extraction and quantitation of carfentanil and naltrexone in goat plasma with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences. 793(2):351-5 [PMID] 12906910.
View on: PubMed
2003
Oral bioavailability and pharmacokinetic characteristics of ketoprofen enantiomers after oral and intravenous administration in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
American journal of veterinary research. 64(1):109-14 [PMID] 12518887.
View on: PubMed
2003
Pharmacokinetics and tissue concentrations of azithromycin in ball pythons (Python regius).
American journal of veterinary research. 64(2):225-8 [PMID] 12602593.
View on: PubMed
2002
Dilated cardiomyopathy and amebic gastritis in a giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 33(3):272-9 [PMID] 12462495.
View on: PubMed
2002
Zoological pharmacology: current status, issues, and potential.
Advanced drug delivery reviews. 54(6):787-93 [PMID] 12363430.
View on: PubMed
2001
Clinical challenge. Hydrocephalus.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 32(1):143-5 [PMID] 12790414.
View on: PubMed
2001
Epidemiology and diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 32(1):1-16 [PMID] 12790389.
View on: PubMed
2001
Fatal pentastomiasis in captive African dwarf crocodile hatchlings (Osteolaemus tetraspis).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 32(4):500-2 [PMID] 12785706.
View on: PubMed
2001
Persistent right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery in a white Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 32(2):268-72 [PMID] 12790433.
View on: PubMed
2000
Acute ibuprofen toxicosis in a ferret.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 216(9):1426-8, 1412 [PMID] 10800514.
View on: PubMed
2000
Evaluation of a multiple-antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in captive elephants.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 31(3):291-302 [PMID] 11237135.
View on: PubMed
2000
Halicephalobus gingivalis (Nematoda) infection in a Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 31(1):77-81 [PMID] 10884129.
View on: PubMed
2000
Identification of monozygotic twin chimpanzees by microsatellite analysis.
American journal of primatology. 52(2):101-6 [PMID] 11051445.
View on: PubMed
2000
Proliferative osteoarthritis and osteoarthrosis in 15 snakes.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 31(1):20-7 [PMID] 10884119.
View on: PubMed
2000
Use of famciclovir for the treatment of endotheliotrophic herpesvirus infections in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 31(4):518-22 [PMID] 11428400.
View on: PubMed
2000
What is your diagnosis? A 4-cm mass protruding from the dorsal area of the cloaca.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 217(3):325-6 [PMID] 10935032.
View on: PubMed
1997
Shell disease in river cooters (Pseudemys concinna) and yellow-bellied turtles (Trachemys scripta) in a Georgia (USA) lake.
Journal of wildlife diseases. 33(1):78-86 [PMID] 9027694.
View on: PubMed
1992
Anatomic and radiographic study of the lacrimal apparatus of llamas.
American journal of veterinary research. 53(6):1007-9 [PMID] 1626768.
View on: PubMed
1992
Bacteremia and vegetative endocarditis associated with a heart murmur in a blue-and-gold macaw.
Avian diseases. 36(4):1112-6 [PMID] 1485868.
View on: PubMed
1992
Medical management of inflammatory bowel disease in a spider monkey.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 200(10):1543-5 [PMID] 1351893.
View on: PubMed
1988
Possible association between Dirofilaria tenuis infections in humans and its prevalence in raccoons in Florida.
The Journal of parasitology. 74(1):189-90 [PMID] 3357101.
View on: PubMed

Education

MPH
2011 · University of Florida
Diplomate
1994 · American College of Zoological Medicine
MS – Parasitology
1993 · University of Florida
DVM – Veterinary Medicine
1988 · Cornell University
BS – Zoology
1983 · University of Florida

Teaching Profile

Courses Taught
2019-2021
VEM5991 Clkship Indiv Invest
2011,2016-2021
VEM5041 Animal Welfare/Ethics
2007-2021
VEM5364 Cln Lab Anim Med Rab
2015,2017-2021
VEM5503 Vet Epidemiology
2017-2020
VEM5112 Animal Systems 3
2016-2019
VEM5008 Personal/Prof Develop
2015-2018
VEM5003 End of Life Issues
2007-2011,2013-2016
VEM5821 Senior Clk Zoo Wl/Med
2011-2015
VEM5370 Reptile Med and Surgery
2007-2010
VEM5721 Core Zoologic and Wl
2007,2009
VEM5377 Marine Mammal Med
2008
VEM5311 Avian Med and Surgery
2008
VME6905 Problems in Veterinary Medical Sciences

Contact Details

Phones:
Business:
(352) 294-4443
Emails:
Business:
isazar@ufl.edu

University of Florida

IFAS

As part of both the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and UF Health, Veterinary Medicine is dedicated to advancing animal, human and environmental health through teaching, research, extension and patient care.

IFAS

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

Animal Hospitals

Need animal care? Visit the UF Small Animal and Large Animal Hospitals. From dogs, cats, birds and exotics to horses, cattle, llamas, pigs and many other large farm or food animals, our experienced veterinarian staff is ready to assist.

Animal Airwaves

Syndicated Podcast

Animal Airwaves

Animal Airwaves is a daily radio series that features one-minute segments relating to animal health, ranging from insights into animal behavior to veterinary patient care breakthroughs and trends.

Animal Airwaves